Imports GTFS transit feeds from either a local .zip file or an URL. Columns are parsed according to the standards for reading and writing GTFS feeds specified in get_gtfs_standards.

  files = NULL,
  fields = NULL,
  extra_spec = NULL,
  skip = NULL,
  quiet = TRUE,
  encoding = "unknown"



A string. The path to a GTFS .zip file.


A character vector. The text files to be read from the GTFS, without the .txt extension. If NULL (the default), all existing text files are read.


A named list. The fields to be read from each text file, in the format list(file1 = c("field1", "field2")). If NULL (the default), all fields from the files specified in files are read. If a file is specified in files but not in fields, all fields from that file will be read (i.e. you may specify in fields only files whose fields you want to subset).


A named list. Custom specification used when reading undocumented fields, in the format list(file1 = c(field1 = "type1", field2 = "type2")). If NULL (the default), all undocumented fields are read as character. Similarly, if an undocumented field is not specified in extra_spec, it is read as character (i.e. you may specify in extra_spec only the fields that you want to read as a different type). Only supports the character, integer and numeric types, also used in get_gtfs_standards.


A character vector. Text files that should not be read from the GTFS, without the .txt extension. If NULL (the default), no files are skipped. Cannot be used if files is set.


A logical. Whether to hide log messages and progress bars (defaults to TRUE).


A string. Passed to fread, defaults to "unknown". Other possible options are "UTF-8" and "Latin-1". Please note that this is not used to re-encode the input, but to enable handling encoded strings in their native encoding.


A GTFS object: a named list of data frames, each one corresponding to a distinct text file from the given GTFS feed.

See also


Other io functions: export_gtfs()


gtfs_path <- system.file("extdata/", package = "gtfsio")

# read all files and columns
gtfs <- import_gtfs(gtfs_path)
#>  [1] "calendar_dates"  "fare_attributes" "fare_rules"      "feed_info"      
#>  [5] "frequencies"     "levels"          "pathways"        "routes"         
#>  [9] "shapes"          "stop_times"      "stops"           "transfers"      
#> [13] "translations"    "trips"           "agency"          "attributions"   
#> [17] "calendar"       
#> [1] "route_id"      "service_id"    "trip_id"       "trip_headsign"
#> [5] "block_id"     

# read all columns from selected files
gtfs <- import_gtfs(gtfs_path, files = c("trips", "stops"))
#> [1] "trips" "stops"
#> [1] "route_id"      "service_id"    "trip_id"       "trip_headsign"
#> [5] "block_id"     

# read specific columns from selected files
gtfs <- import_gtfs(
  files = c("trips", "stops"),
  fields = list(
    trips = c("route_id", "trip_id"),
    stops = c("stop_id", "stop_lat", "stop_lon")